This guide provides a general knowledge of what Enterprise Architecture (EA) is and what you need to know to begin your journey into a clean structure.
- What Is Enterprise Architecture?
- What can Enterprise Architecture do for you?
- Benefits of Enterprise Architecture
- Business Logic in Enterprise Architecture
- Data in Enterprise Architecture
- Application in Enterprise Architecture (software)
- Technology in Enterprise Architecture (Hardware/IT)
- Architecture vs Enterprise Architecture
- Enterprise Architecture Frameworks
- The Zachman Framework for Enterprise Architecture
- The Open Group Architecture Framework (TOGAF)
- Federal Enterprise Architecture Framework (FEAF)
- Digital Transformation with Enterprise Architecture
- Architecting for Growth
What Is Enterprise Architecture?
Both custom software and out-of-the-box software offer unique tools to enhance how every business runs. From major corporations to multi-city companies, small teams to sole proprietors, getting a return on your Enterprise Architecture (ROI) requires understanding how the structure and operation of an organization are defined.
Enterprise architecture is a well-defined practice for conducting enterprise analysis, design, planning, and implementation, using a comprehensive approach at all times, for the successful development and execution of strategy.
EA helps businesses structure IT projects and policies to achieve desired business results and to stay on top of industry trends and disruptions using architecture principles and practices, a process also known as enterprise architectural planning (EAP).
Enterprise architecture makes sure there’s a plan and that the metaphorical bricks aren’t laid at random. No company wants to have each department isolating their data and their own software - all tools need to be connected to provide a streamlined process.
It can be viewed as three things:
- A Discipline. It is the way of thinking about the structure of an enterprise.
- A Process. There are processes for architecting an enterprise, covering how architectures are created, how they change and evolve, and how architectures are managed.
- A set of work products. A set of models and diagrams that represent and describe the structure of an enterprise.
What can Enterprise Architecture do for you?
The goals for enterprise architecture are to promote alignment, standardization, reuse of existing IT assets, and the sharing of common methods for project management and software development across the organization.
The end result, theoretically, is that the enterprise architecture will make IT less expensive, more strategic, and more responsive if used with the right software infrastructure.
“By 2021, 40% of organizations will use enterprise architects to help ideate new business innovations made possible by emerging technologies.”
Marcus Blosch, VP Analyst, Gartner
Creating and maintaining an enterprise architecture model that is both up-to-date and accurate is a difficult task due to the size and complexity of the models and the dispersed nature of EA information in organizations.
In current Enterprise Architecture seen in different businesses, models maintained manually with only a little automation, which is time-consuming.
- Documentation is not comprehensive—Despite numerous updates to the most popular frameworks created in the 80s and 90s, their modern versions may still be considered impractical or outdated. Filling the EA documentation gap requires resources that may not always be available.
- They can be time-consuming and inflexible—Most EA frameworks are less dynamic than modern business toolkits. They take time to plan out to gather requirements, are not change-friendly, and require training to develop and present, and are more about documentation than system implementation.
- Complete integration is difficult—The limitations of each framework may not provide an opportunity for seamless integration of legacy systems with a company's new system, requiring adjustments that require additional resources.
Maintain your current enterprise architecture models by gathering information from both human input and technical interfaces and discuss implementation issues to realize the processes in practice. Then analyze what mature processes exist and how they connect between departments. Start integrating systems and reduce double data entry with business process automation.
Benefits of Enterprise Architecture
Unified companies are better at adapting to change. And that means they are prepared for more changes in technology.
A good enterprise architecture simplifies the flow of technology and tech systems. And they free up specialists to focus on their area of expertise.
Enterprise architects help push a company's mission to the front of decisions. And that can make choices much simpler.
They help simplify tasks and boost the efficiency of information technology systems. This all saves time and gets the money streaming in a direction that's consistent with the company's goals.
Enterprise architects have a knack for simplifying information technology. And that usually means safer IT.
These masters can identify potential risks and improve system security. That also tends to turn into fewer big crashes or technological disasters.
A Focus on Measurability
One of the top things driving this positive enterprise architect career outlook is the benchmarks it can create. It's hard to monitor progress without measurement tools.
Enterprise architects can set up measurement tools, gather data, and improve companies. And this can set a company on a path to accomplishing its strategic goals.
Companies need to innovate rapidly to stay competitive. Many organizations struggle to adopt newer technology like microservices, IoT, or cloud migration, or to implement the lean, DevOps methodologies needed to keep pace in today’s digital world. These trends can bring considerable value by speeding up time to market, creating new revenue streams, reducing costs, and improving agility. Enterprise architects are in the best position to help their companies navigate digital transformation – which, if done properly, can lead to tremendous growth opportunities.
Enterprise architects are integral in maintaining their company’s compliance with financial and government regulatory bodies. Take, for example, the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR). This regulation imposes unprecedented rules on the management of personal data. The GDPR proposes severe penalties for noncompliance – up to €20 million or 4% of the global annual turnover for the preceding financial year. Enterprise architects can clearly demonstrate GDPR compliance by ensuring all pertinent data is gathered and presented in a well-organized manner.
As organizations experience organic and inorganic growth, IT landscapes can become unmanageable, fast. This results in duplicate systems, inconsistent data, and the reliance on patchwork integrations. Enterprise architects can tackle overcomplexity head-on by providing a roadmap for streamlining IT environments, which directly contributes to reducing costs.
Enterprise Architecture Structure
Business Logic in Enterprise Architecture
The main objectives of business logic in enterprise architecture, also known as Business architecture, are understanding what the strategy is. This means delivering value end-to-end in the most efficient way.
Communication is key, supported by documentation that outlines the company's most important business processes. Top managers usually meet once a month for four to eight hours. This meeting provides the opportunity to review performance and to make adjustments to the strategy and its execution. The underlying hypotheses of the company’s strategy can be tested and new actions initiated.
Unless all employees understand the strategy, the process will not run smoothly. As the brick layer’s parable shows, you want employees to have:
- Big Picture Thinking – Able to see the end result and how their work contributes to that end.
- Attitude – A positive attitude and pride in what they are doing that shows up in their work and its execution.
- Connection to the Organization’s Mission – Employees who are aligned and connected with the organization’s mission, vision, values, and goals are happier, more engaged, and more productive employees.
Data in Enterprise Architecture
Data architecture encompasses the models, policies, rules and standards that govern what data is collected and how it is stored, arranged, integrated and used within an organization and its various systems.
Great data architecture enables stakeholders to see business-critical information regardless of its source and relate to it from their unique perspectives.
Business process architecture represents the elements of a business and how they interact. It aims to align people, processes, data, technologies, and applications to meet organizational objectives. The end result is a real-world picture of how an organization functions, including opportunities to create, improve, harmonize, or eliminate processes to improve overall performance and profitability.
Application in Enterprise Architecture (software)
Application Architecture maps the relationships that software applications have with each other. The architecture describes the interfaces that are provided or required by the applications and the way they interact to carry out the activities described in the business models such as the Business Process diagrams.
As many parts of IT become more automated, companies must decide whether buying, subscribing, or building software for such parts is a better approach. Choosing to build custom tools and applications to automate your business processes is often the better choice, but does that require managing an in-house software department team? No, you can contract a software development company near you to build your application so that you don't have to manage a software company/department on your own. Even if you have an internal team, they may be consumed with other projects but they could absorb a new application if developed by an external team with your data and business architecture in mind.
Entrusting another company with building and maintaining platforms that are crucial for your business requires research. You must know your partner has the experience and will support you as you grow and your needs evolve. Close, personal contact goes far in maintaining a productive partnership, so determine which firms in your region you can trust to manage your software development.
The SilverLogic, a South Florida company, has worked successfully as an extension team of renowned companies developing automated applications.
Technology in Enterprise Architecture (Hardware/IT)
Infrastructure technology architecture provides a blueprint for scaling up your hardware, storage systems, and networks. Business architecture is the most critical, but also the most difficult to implement, according to industry practitioners.
The technology and risk management objective is to leverage transparency about important IT Components to reduce complexity and resolve security vulnerabilities, compliance issues, and the inability to support the business. The expected results should be a full list of all applications in use, a full assessment of all software versions, servers, and data centers in use, and direct analysis of how technology is affecting the business.
Architecture vs Enterprise Architecture
The term “architecture” describes the manner in which components of the system are organized and integrated. The essential links between individual elements, among other things, are recognized.
Analyzing the complete structure of the architecture of an enterprise (EA) on their business logic, data, applications (software) and its technology (hardware) is characterized by its comprehensive view of IT functions within a company. It encompasses the interaction of IT elements and business activities.
Enterprise Architecture Frameworks
The Zachman Framework for Enterprise Architecture
As described on the Zachman’s main website, The Zachman Framework™ IS NOT a methodology for creating the implementation (an instantiation) of the object. The Framework IS the ontology for describing the Enterprise. The Framework (ontology) is a STRUCTURE whereas a methodology is a PROCESS. A Structure is NOT a Process. A Structure establishes definition whereas a Process provides Transformation.
“A Framework for Information Systems Architecture” (1987), a conceptual precursor to the “Zachman Framework”, as it appeared in Vol. 26., No. 3 of the IBM Systems Journal.
The Open Group Architecture Framework (TOGAF)
The Open Group Architecture Framework is a framework for enterprise architecture that provides an approach for designing, planning, implementing, and governing an enterprise information technology architecture. TOGAF is a high-level approach to design. Its strategies have been iteratively improved upon for 25 years.
Federal Enterprise Architecture Framework (FEAF)
Federal Enterprise Architecture Framework, an architectural framework designed initially for use by the U.S. Government to integrate its federal agencies, is a collaborative planning methodology that has become a popular EA model used in private enterprises
Architecting for Growth
Because technology is advancing so quickly, many companies are left with a mix of different systems, applications, and software, finding themselves in somewhat of a technological mess.
Enterprise architecture takes a holistic approach to boost business productivity, getting entire corporations on the same page by pulling together all operations and systems. Taking a look at a company's different technologies, information systems, and processes, good enterprise architecture helps shift and unite those entities towards common company goals.
The SilverLogic is an award-winning custom software engineering company and solution architect based in Boca Raton. Our team leverages cutting-edge technologies and tools to develop custom solutions that save businesses time and money and turn costly business problems or bottlenecks, into streamlined profitable solutions.
Since 2012, we have transformed clients’ ideas and the vision of their ideal business into reality by enhancing client experience or reducing operating costs, resulting in their investment paying for itself. Whether it’s customizing out-of-the-box software, supporting start-ups, or developing custom solutions, we work collaboratively with clients from start to finish so users, staff, and / or customers get the experience they need to influence delivering results your business deserves.
Interested to know how we can help email to firstname.lastname@example.org
Digital Transformation with Enterprise Architecture
In our YouTube-Video, David Hartmann, CEO of The SilverLogic shows how TSL transformed a brokering company from a conventional lighting company to one of the leading innovators in its sector, automation and digital transformation being the key innovations in their enterprise architecture. He also gives examples and shares visions for the future of EA and explains why it is so important in digital transformation and automation.
Click here to view the presentation on Digital Transformation and Enterprise Architecture.
The Concise Definition Of The Zachman Framework By: John A. Zachman
John Zachman - https://www.zachman.com/about-the-zachman-framework
Enterprise Architecture A to Z: Frameworks, Business Process Modeling, SOA, and Infrastructure Technology
Danial Minoli - http://www.ittoday.info/Articles/What_Is_Enterprise_Architecture.htm#.Xpd2yFNKh24
What Is Enterprise Architecture (ea)? - Definition from Whatis.com
Margaret Rouse - https://searchcio.techtarget.com/definition/enterprise-architecture
The Story Of Three Bricklayers – A Parable About The Power Of Purpose
Enterprise Architecture (ea)
What Is Enterprise Architecture? A Framework For Transformation
Sarah White - https://www.cio.com/article/3313657/what-is-enterprise-architecture-a-framework-for-transformation.html