In the world of software development or any business, change is the lifeblood of progress. When issues arise and it becomes clear that existing processes are no longer effective, the logical step is to make the necessary changes. It may sound straightforward, but in reality, the decision to alter established processes can be an incredibly daunting one. Often, this fear of change becomes the barrier that holds organizations back from reaching their full potential.
Fear, as described by Dr. Otto Scharmer, a professor at MIT's Sloan School of Management, wields a powerful influence over our actions, often stifling creativity. It prompts us to stick to familiar, though ineffective, patterns. We end up defending the status quo, even when it contradicts reason and obstructs growth. Thankfully, Dr. Scharmer provides a method to overcome this fear by guiding us through three internal voices: judgment, cynicism, and ultimately, fear. (Theory U: Leading from the Future as it Emerges, 2nd Edition by C. Otto Scharmer, 2016)
The first voice we must conquer is judgment. Humans naturally seek confirmation that their current beliefs are correct, often categorizing new information as either aligning with their existing views or being outright wrong. This tendency to oversimplify complex situations can be detrimental to organizations, especially when employees consistently judge potential changes, even in the face of data that supports their benefits.
The key to overcoming judgment is recognizing its presence, whether within an organization or ourselves. Fear often arises from a need to protect something - it could be a process that employees have dedicated years to, believing it to be the bedrock of their success. By acknowledging this, we can approach those who resist change with empathy, showing them that the intended changes are not a threat, but rather an enhancement.
Looking at it from a software development perspective, process automation frequently encounters critical scrutiny. Managers might feel threatened by the prospect of altering processes that have served the organization well for years. It's crucial to communicate that automating processes aims to amplify existing strengths, making work more efficient and maintaining or even elevating quality.
The second voice mentioned by Scharmer — cynicism — can be especially challenging to overcome in organizations that lack consistency in their actions. When management communicates one decision but takes another course of action, it sows seeds of doubt among employees. This cynicism further fortifies the fear of change.
Another behavior that fuels cynicism is the failure to follow through on action items. Meetings that establish these action items may generate hope, but when they are forgotten or neglected, employees begin to lose faith in the possibility of change. Cynicism, in this context, serves as a protective barrier against the emotional toll of shattered hopes.
In the software development/process automation world, cynicism often arises when promised tools and improvements fail to materialize. In organizations where trust is lacking, employees may fear that their jobs are on the line if they actively support change. Managers sometimes withhold information, believing it protects their positions. In such situations, it's essential to handle cynicism strategically, gradually rebuilding trust by delivering consistent results. Process automation isn't about rendering jobs obsolete; it's about making jobs better, and more efficient, and removing daily obstacles to productivity.
Once judgment and cynicism are addressed, organizations can confront the ultimate adversary: fear. Fear is a natural human emotion, a response to the unknown, a projection of what could go wrong, and a haunting dread of failure. Yet, without conquering this fear, innovation and progress are nearly impossible.
Overcoming fear involves becoming comfortable with the unknown and embracing constant change. It requires acknowledging fear and then releasing it. Fear can be the arch-nemesis of creativity and motivation, but recognizing it and actively choosing to break the cycle can rekindle an organization's creative spark.
Creating an environment where fear can be conquered is essential. Encourage employees to make decisions or, at the very least, suggest solutions. When employees know their ideas are valued and supported, they become less afraid of making decisions and less concerned about the fear of failure. Organizations can foster fearlessness by starting with small steps, enabling quick recovery and learning from failures.
Returning to the example of process automation, fear often lurks, casting doubt on the project's success and its impact on the organization. In such cases, it's vital to confront your fear. Base your decision on rational information: examine the return on investment, ensure the project aligns with your budget, and define minimum requirements to deliver value early. If the data supports it, shed your fear of change, optimize your processes, and make your organization more efficient.
Remember, the fear of change is a rational one. However, acknowledging it and conquering the three internal voices that hold you back can unlock a world of constant improvement and growth for your organization. Embrace the challenge, overcome your fear, and make the necessary changes now.